Axon Terminal Company Name

Industry Glossary

Accessorial Charges:

Charges made by a carrier for performing freight services beyond normal pickup and delivery, such as loading, unloading, and extra pickups.


The return trip from the destination back to the origin.

Bill of Lading:

A document with details on the shipment of goods in the form of a receipt between the shipper and the carrier.


A tractor operating without a trailer.


Securing items inside a vehicle to reduce or inhibit front to rear shifting of freight/cargo.


A charge made against a carrier for overcharge, loss, or damage.

Class rate:

A rate composed of a uniform distance system and classification.


The receiver of a freight shipment, usually the buyer.


The sender of a freight shipment, usually a seller.


The standard-size rectangular box used to transport freight.

Cost per hundred weight (cwt):

The amount charged per hundred pounds of freight.


Charge for when the shipper or receiver holds a truck or trailer beyond the time allowed for loading and unloading.


A tractor with two connected semi trailers.


A truck that operates locally.

Driver Assist:

When the driver is asked to help in loading or unloading. Also known as a “Tend to load”

Dry Van:

A non-refrigerated, non-insulated trailer.

Exclusive use:

A request made by the shipper to be the only freight in the trailer.


Attempting to speed up its delivery.


A vehicle with a flat load-carrying area, with no roof or sides.


“Free on Board” designation is used to indicate when liability and ownership of goods are transferred from a seller to a buyer.

Freight Pool:

A set of loaded trailers waiting for assignment to a driver and tractor.


Initial shipment from the origin to the destination.

Full Truckload (FTL):

A load that occupying the entire trailer.

Gross Weight:

Total weight of the load, including packaging materials. Also known as a shipping weight.


Hazardous materials that are regulated by the U.S. Department of Transportation.


Delay preventing a driver from unloading as scheduled.

Less-than-truckload (LTL):

A partial load that occupies less than the entire trailer.

Motor Carrier (MC):

A company that provides truck transportation.

Multiple drops:

A delivery requiring more than one stop.

Net Weight:

The weight of goods being shipped, excluding packaging materials.


“Over, short and damaged”


Piece count of a shipment is more than what is documented on the bill of lading.


The trucker who owns and operates their own truck.


Pickup and delivery


Movable platform for storage or transportation of goods. Usually made of wood. Also known as a skid.


The weight of the cargo being hauled.

Pro Number:

A number used by carriers to organize and track the progress of each shipment

Pup trailer:

Short semi trailer, usually between 26 and 32 feet long.


Refrigerated, insulated semi trailer.

Seal Number:

Security seals are mechanisms used to seal shipping containers in a way that provides tamper evidence and some level of security.


When the piece count of a shipment is less than what was documented on the bill of lading.

Split Pickup:

Pickup requiring more than one stop.


A tank trailer designed to handle fine bulk materials or liquids.


Deciding where the shipment is during the course of the move.

Weight per case:

The total weight per case, carton, or box.

NMFC Class Examples Weight/Cubic Foot
Class 50 Standard shrink-wrapped pallet over 50 lbs
Class 55 Bricks, cement, hardwood flooring 35-50 lbs
Class 60 Car accessories & car parts 30-35 lbs
Class 65 Bottled beverages, books 22.5-30 lbs
Class 70 Car parts, food items 15 to 22.5 lbs
Class 77.5 Tires, bathroom fixtures 13.5 to 15 lbs
Class 85 Crated machinery 12-13.5 lbs
Class 92.5 Computers, refrigerators 10.5-12 lbs
Class 100 Car covers, canvas 9-10.5 lbs
Class 110 Cabinets, framed artwork 8-9 lbs
Class 125 Small Household appliances 7-8 lbs
Class 150 Auto sheet metal parts 6-7 lbs
Class 175 Clothing 5-6 lbs
Class 200 Packaged mattresses 4-5 lbs
Class 250 Mattress and box spring 3-4 lbs
Class 300 Wood cabinets, tables 2-3 lbs
Class 400 Deer antlers 1-2 lbs
Class 500 Ping pong balls < 1 lbs